Warning: The originals photos, texts, films, music, etc ... of the period previous to 1921 year -see the Act of the US Congress about it - have no copyright and belong to the public domain. However, those same pictures, I process this blog, when I restore and paint the pictures, then the right of modification is produced, ie that are protected by full copyright law, in this case mine. Of course there are many more laws in the world, declared in the public domain photographs (which is the topic at hand), in very later dates to the aforementioned (Example: WWII, Korea, etc ...) .

Sunday, April 7, 2019

The German Ehrhardt-Rheinmetall 7,7-cm L/27 Kraftwagen-Flak (K-Flak) No. 86


The German Ehrhardt-Rheinmetall 7,7-cm L/27 
Kraftwagen-Flak (K-Flak) No. 86

(German Anti-Aircraft Gun System, WWI)

Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Two light trucks to support an Italian Armored Car Platoon, 1918.


Two light trucks to support an Italian Armored Car Platoon, 1918.

Identification of two light trucks to support an Italian Armored Car Platoon: A Lancia 1Z and a Fiat 15 Ter.
I present here the identification of these two vehicles, almost identical in appearance, to highlight the complexity and difficulty involved in this type of research work.

See the previous post that complements the information:

Thursday, May 3, 2018
Italian Platoon of Armored Cars (Sezione-Automitragliatrici) 1918
https://armoredcars-ww-one.blogspot.com/2018/05/italian-platoon-of-armored-cars-sezione.html


****************

Dos camiones ligeros para soporte de un Pelotón de Coches Blindados Italiano, 1918.

Identificación de dos camiones ligeros para soporte de un Pelotón de Coches Blindados Italiano: Un Lancia 1Z y un Fiat 15 Ter.
Presento aquí la identificación de estos dos vehículos, de aspecto casi idéntico, para destacar la complejidad y dificultad que conlleva este tipo de trabajo investigación.

Ver el post anterior que complementa la información:

Thursday, May 3, 2018
Italian Platoon of Armored Cars (Sezione-Automitragliatrici) 1918
https://armoredcars-ww-one.blogspot.com/2018/05/italian-platoon-of-armored-cars-sezione.html

A German Anti-Aircraf Hotwitzer 10,5-cm lFH 98/09 Krupp in August of 1914.


(German Anti-Aircraft Gun System, WWI)

German anti-aircraft artillery at the beginning of the war:
A German Anti-Aircraf Hotwitzer 10,5-cm lFH 98/09 Krupp in August of 1914.

A Section of German Field Light Hotwitzers: 10,5-cm leichte Feld Haubitze 98/09, adapted for the anti-aircraft shot in defense of an airfield.
In July or the first days of August 1914, near the German border.
In the background the other howitzer.

The photograph was published in the German magazine "Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung" in its number 32 of August 9, 1914.

***********

I take this post to share, especially with those interested in the German artillery, a magnificent link based on the Krupp catalog of 1892. It is published on Flickr by the "Biblioteca do Exército Português": Fried Krupp-Artilharia (Artillery) 1892. (*)

The album It contains 237 high resolution photographs. Many of the guns that appear on the album were used in the Great War.

I hope you like it.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/139425937@N06/albums

(*) - I add that there are also five other albums of undoubted interest.

********************************

Artillería antiaérea alemana al comienzo de la guerra:
Un obùs antiaéreo alemán de 10,5-cm lFH 98/09 Krupp en agosto de 1914.

Una sección de obuses ligeros de campaña alemanes: 10,5-cm leichte Feld Haubitze 98/09, adaptados para el tiro antiaéreo en defensa de un aeródromo.
En julio o en los primeros días de agosto de 1914, cerca de la frontera alemana.
En segundo plano el otro obús.

La fotografía fue publicada en la revista alemana "Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung" en su número 32 de 9 de agosto de 1914.

***********

Aprovecho este post para compartir, especialmente con los interesados en la artillería alemana, un magnifico enlace basado en el catálogo Krupp de 1892. Está editado en Flickr por la "Biblioteca do Exército Português": Fried Krupp- Artilharia (Artillería) 1892. (*)

El álbum contiene 237 fotografías de gran resolución. Muchos de los cañones que aparecen en el álbum fueron utilizados en la Gran Guerra.

Espero que os guste.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/139425937@N06/albums

(*)- Añado que también existen otros cinco álbumes de indudable interés.

Russian 19th Armored Cars Platoon. Tarnopol, Galicia, Austria, July 1916.


 19th Armored Cars Platoon
Belonging to the Russian Imperial Army (RIA)
Tarnopol, Galicia, Austria
July 1916

Tuesday, April 2, 2019

German Eisenbahnflak 7,62-cm L/30 (russ 02) Rheinmetall, Model 1915. Photograph taken on in March 14, 1918.


(German Anti-Aircraft Gun System, WWI)

German Eisenbahnflak 7,62-cm L/30 (russ 02) Rheinmetall, Model 1915. 
Photograph taken on in March 14, 1918.

See also the recent post:
Ver también el reciente post:

Wednesday, March 20, 2019
German Eisenbahnflak 7,62-cm L/30 (russ 02) Rheinmetall M1915.
Photograph taken on January 8, 1917.
https://armoredcars-ww-one.blogspot.com/2019/03/german-eisenbahnflak-762-cm-l30-russ-02.html

Friday, March 29, 2019

German 9-cm-Flak 'System Schaafhausen' (Anti-Aircraft Gun)


9-cm-Flak 'System Schaafhausen'
(German Anti-Aircraft Gun System, WWI)


THE GERMAN OBSOLETE FIELD ARTILLERY OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, MASSIVELY CONVERTED IN ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY (BAK / FLAK) DURING THE GREAT WAR

The nineteenth-century German field artillery, based on 9-cm caliber cannons, was left at the beginning of the war for artillery units in the reserve. The failed German victory, based on the bold and powerful offensive of August 1914, occurred on both sides, a considerable decline of modern artillery pieces. Thousands of artillery pieces were destroyed or fell into enemy hands. Hundreds of thousands of projectiles were also lost, both because of their use and because they were destroyed or captured.

Failed the forecast contemplated by both sides, an offensive war of movement, of short duration, there was the precarious stabilization of the front, which to fix and defend it forced, to both contenders, to resort to available reserves.

Both Frenchs and Germans had to resort, both for the reason stated above and for others (in the case of the French, practically lacking  of heavy artillery), to the reserves. As was the case with the Germans. And in the case of the French, resort to the artillery pieces located in fortifications, bastions and even resorted to the support of the excellent artillery of the navy.

These artillery reserves, which at first none of the contenders intended to use, had in common, in both armies, on the one hand their obsolescence and on the other the provision of a large stock of ammunition that did not have the pieces on the front.

Positioned behind the front lines and in some cases on the front line, this artillery was a relief on both sides. Both to help maintain the stability of the immense static western front, and to raise the morale of the infantry stationed there. Also, on the German side, some of these obsolete pieces were adapted to the next antiaircraft defense, of the first lines and the reserves close to them.

Later, in 1915, these obsolete pieces were gradually removed from the front line. A good part of this artillery was destined to the antiaircraft defense. So much so that the 9-cm antiaircraft artillery, in the German tables, was the one with the greatest presence at the end of the war.

First, they were used in their "standard" configuration, that is, the cannons raised by pedestals of any type, shape and material. The typical antiaircraft artillery with platforms of fortune (of greater or lesser fortune!), present on all fronts and used by all the belligerent countries.

Subsequently, applying different concepts, mechanisms and designs, at least four differentiated "Systems" were formed, the characteristics of which, as far as possible, we will describe and expose graphically in this Blog.

These "Systems" BaK (and later Flak), were based on the Krupp F.K. 73 (1873), F.K. 73/88 (1873/1888), F.K. 73/91 (1873/91). Also on the Krupp F.K. 79 (1879) and possibly other models of Krupp cannons of the same caliber. Four different "Systems" were created according to the following types:

1.) Das System Plett
2.) Der Schnetzler-Sockel
3.) Das System Wohlgemuth
4.) Das System Schaafhausen,
5.) Das System Metz
and some other minor variants.


***************************************** 



LA OBSOLETA ARTILLERÍA DE CAMPAÑA ALEMANA DEL SIGLO XIX, CONVERTIDA MASIVAMENTE EN ARTILLERÍA ANTIAÉREA (BAK / FLAK) DURANTE LA GRAN GUERRA

La artillería de campaña alemana del siglo XIX, basada en los cañones del calibre 9-cm, quedaron, al principio de la guerra, destinados a unidades artilleras de la reserva. La fracasada victoria alemana, basada en la audaz y potente ofensiva de agosto de 1914, produjo en ambos bando, una mengua considerable de piezas de artillería modernas. Miles de piezas de artillería resultaron destruidas o cayeron en manos de los enemigos. También se perdieron centenares de miles de proyectiles, tanto por su utilización, como por haber sido destruidos o capturados. 

Fracasada la previsión contemplada por ambos bandos, de una guerra ofensiva y de movimiento, de breve duración, se produjo la precaria estabilización del frente,  que para fijarlo y defenderlo obligó, a ambos contendientes, a recurrir a las reservas disponibles. 

Tanto franceses como alemanes tuvieron que recurrir, tanto por el motivo anteriormente expuesto como por otros (en el caso de los franceses, práticamente carecían de artillería pesada), a las reservas. Como fue el caso de los alemanes. Y en el caso de los franceses, recurrir a las piezas artilleras sitas en fortificaciones, bastiones e incluso se recurrió al apoyo de la excelente artillería de la marina.

Estas reservas artilleras, que en un principio ninguno de los contendientes pensaron utilizar, tenían en común, en ambos ejércitos, de un lado su obsolescencia y del otro la disposición de una gran reserva de municiones que no disponían las piezas del frente.

Posicionadas tras las líneas del frente y en algunos casos en primera línea, esta artillería supuso un alivio en ambos bandos. Tanto para ayudar a mantener la estabilidad del inmenso estático frente occidental, como para elevar la moral de la infantería allí destinada. También, por parte alemana, algunas de estas piezas obsoletas, se adaptaron a la defensa antiaérea próxima, de las primeras líneas y las reservas próximas a ellas.

Posteriormente, en 1915, estas piezas obsoletas fueron,  paulatinamente, retiradas de primera línea. Una buena parte de esta artillería fue destinada a la defensa antiaérea. Hasta tal punto que la artillería antiaérea de 9-cm, en las tablas alemanas, era la de mayor presencia al final de la guerra. 

Primero se utilizaron en su configuración "éstandar", es decir los cañones elevados por pedestales de cualquier tipo, forma y material. La típica artillería antiaérea con plataformas de fortuna (¡de mayor o menor fortuna!), presentes en todos los frentes y utilizada por todos los países beligerantes. 

Posteriormente, aplicando diferentes conceptos, mecanismos y diseños, se conformaron, al menos, cuatro "Sistemas" diferenciados cuyas características, en la medida que sea posible iremos describiendo y exponiendo gráficamente en este Blog.

Estos "Sistemas" BaK (y posteriormente Flak), estaban basados en los cañones Krupp F.K. 73 (1873), F.K. 73/88 (1873/1888), F.K. 73/91 (1873/91). También sobre el cañón Krupp F.K. 79 (1879) y posiblemente otros modelos de cañones Krupp del mismo calibre.  Fueron creados cuatro “Sistemas” diferentes conforme a los siguientes tipos:

1.) Das System Plett
2.) Der Schnetzler-Sockel
3.) Das System Wohlgemuth
4.) Das System Schaafhausen,
5.) Das System Metz
 y algunas otras variantes de menor entidad.

Sunday, March 24, 2019

Austro-Fiat truck & 7-cm. L/30 Skoda Naval [Škoda 7 cm L/30 K09 BAG] Anti-Aircraft Gun. Model 1915.


(Austro-Hungarian Anti-Aircraft Gun System, WWI)

An Austro-Hungarian Anti-Aircraft tandem formed by an Austro-Fiat truck carrying a 7-cm [6.6-cm] L/30 Skoda Anti-Aircraft Naval Gun, Model 1915

[Škoda 7 cm L/30 K09 BAG  =  Škoda 7 cm L/30 K09 Ballon-Abwehr-Geschütz]

***********************


A never before properly described Austro-Hungarian anti-aircraft truck :

An Austro-Fiat truck & 7-cm. L/30 Skoda Naval [Škoda 7 cm L/30 K09 BAG] Anti-Aircraft Gun. Model 1915.

Note:

Although the actual caliber of this Skoda cannon was 6.6-cm., the Austro-Hungarian nomenclature raised the figure describing the caliber of its cannons-when they contained decimals-to the next higher whole number.

Example in canyons used by the Austro-Hungarians:

6.6-cm. L/30 Skoda Naval Anti-Aircraft Gun. Model 1915. =  7-cm. L/30 Skoda Naval Anti-Aircraft Gun. Model 1915.

7.62-cm. L/30 Putilov Field Gun M.1902. = 8-cm. L/30 Putilov Field Gun M.1902.


***********************


Un nunca antes correctamente descrito camión antiaéreo austro-húngaro:

Un Camión Austro-Fiat portando un cañón naval antiaéreo Skoda de 7-cm. L/30 [Škoda 7 cm L/30 K09 BAG]. Modelo 1915.

Nota:

Aunque el calibre real de éste cañón Skoda era de 6,6-cm., la nomenclatura austro-húngara elevaba la cifra que describía el calibre de sus cañones -cuando éstas contenían decimales- al número entero inmediato superior.

Ejemplo en cañones utilizados por los austro-húngaros:

6,6-cm. L/30 Cañón Naval Antiaéreo Skoda. Modelo 1915. =  7-cm. L/30 Cañón Naval Antiaéreo Skoda. Modelo 1915.

7,62-cm. L/30 Cañón de Campaña Putilov M.1902. = 8-cm. L/30 Putilov Field Gun M.1902.